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نام و نام خانوادگي:
سن:
استان:
شهرستان:
نام آبادي:
ميزان تحصيلات:
بي سواد سواد غيررسمي و ابتدائي راهنمايي و ديپلم
تحصيلات دانشگاهي:
كشاورزي غير كشاورزي
سوابق كاري:
رديف
پرسش
تعاريف
1
2
3
4
5

1

كداميك از تعريف به مفهوم ضايعات نزديك تر مي باشد؟
هرگونه تغييري در كيفيت محصول ضايعات نام دارد.

هرگونه تغييري در كميت محصول ضايعات نام دارد.

اگرمحصولات کشاورزي پس از برداشت به هر دليلي بدون استفاده مناسب براي بازار فروش باشند، ضايعات تعريف ميشود.

هرگونه تغييري در محصول كه سبب عدم ايمني محصول گردد ضايعات ناميده مي شود.

باقيمانده محصولات باغي پس ازمصرفرا ضايعات گويند.

توضيحات:

2

كداميك از عوامل قبل از برداشت در ايجاد ضايعات محصول نهايي موثرتر مي باشد؟
اتنخاب رقم مناسب

حاصل خيزي خاك

آبياري+ كود

مبارزه با آفات

اعمال كاشت

هرس درخت

توضيحات:

3
كداميك از عوامل مرحله برداشت در ايجاد ضايعات محصول موثرتر مي باشد؟
موعد مناسب برداشت

نحوه برداشت

ساعت برداشت ميوه

شرايط محيطي باغ(درجه حرارت-رطوبت)

توضيحات:

4

كداميك از مراحل پس از برداشت در ايجاد ضايعات محصول موثر تر مي باشد؟
درجه بندي

بسته بندي

خنك كردن مقدماتي

حمل و نقل

نابساماني هاي فيزيولو‍‍ژيكي

انبارداري

فرآوري

توضيحات:

5

كداميك از جنبههاي سياسي- اجتماعي- فرهنگي در ايجاد ضايعات محصول موثرتر مي باشد؟
يكپارچه نبودن باغات

كمبود و نارسايي ها در زمينه توزيع نهاده هاي كشاورزي و وسايل مختلف

سياست گذاري ها( برنامه ريزي- صادرات و واردات)

آموزش نيروي انساني در مراحل مختلف توليد تا مصرف

نبود شبكه ارتباطي مناسب بين نقاط توليد و مصرف

نبود سيستم مناسب نرخ گذاري

تعدد مراكز تصميم گيري و سياست گذاري مرتبط با اين محصولات و عدم هماهنگي آن ها

فرهنگ سازي در رابطه با نگهداري و مصرف

توضيحات:

ب-2- چگونگي شناسه دار شدن گوجه فرنگي هاي مورد آزمايش
T =معيار حمل و نقل و يا عدم حمل و نقل
T1= نمونه هاي بدون حمل و نقل

T2= نمونه هاي حمل و نقل شده

t=دوره ي زماني
t1= زمان ابتدايي ( روز صفرم)

t2= روز پنجم

t3= روز دهم

t4= روز پانزدهم

t5= روز بيستم

p= معيار نوع بسته بندي سبد
p1= بسته بندي تک لايه

p2= بسته بندي دو لايه

p3= بسته بندي سه لايه

Abstract

Agriculturetofeeda growingpopulation inthe country andalsoforpoliticaland socialreasons, sustainable developmenthas beenan importantmission.Agricultural waste is now one of the challenging debates on economic policy has becameand it tends to undermine food security, social ,cultural and economic prosperity in the world. In this regard, one of the main problems in the agricultural sector of Alborz Province is the waste ofagricultural products .The two main causes of waste for producing uncontrollable factors, including political, social , cultural and economic and the controllable factors, agricultural waste during harvest and post-harvest stages are classified.
Inthisstudy,the first phaseaimed toassess andidentify the factorsleadinghorticulturalproducts of Alborz Provincelesionsin various stagesof production, harvest, post-harvesttechnology, processingandfinal consumption using a group of people based on their role in the supply chain Perspective (manufacturer or distributor, or simply working in production as a consumer),questions were asked basic concepts as well as on multiple factors affecting lesion formation in various stages of production to consumption chain. In the second phase of the project with regard to the results of the evaluation questionnaire (Phase I) and the scientific results of the previous findings, it was shown three kinds of packaging ,related to the layers , transport and storage time or cold storage lesions are highly effective. Therefore we have evaluated the effects of the three factors on the shelf life and the physicochemical properties of tomato (Commercial Var. of Shiva)contain of changes of weight, color, texture, acidity, brix, pH and Ripening factor, in the twenty-day period of storage ( at 9°C and 85-90 % of RH).
The results of thisresearch indicate , the number of layers in packaging, transport and storage time has the significant effects on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of tomatoes .Because the upper layer has received the greatest amount of the impact energy and destructive effects during transport .
Finally, the overall assessment was made ??clear , we can produce the optimum samples with applying the suitable packaging, transportation and storage,that sustain the storage period of 10 days for the samples maintained at an optimum level.
Keywords: waste, transportation, packaging, garden products, tomato, Alborz Province.

Islamic Azad University
Damghan Branch

Faculty of thesis for receiving (M.Sc) degree on food science engineering &

دسته بندی : No category

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